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Multiple sclerosis

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      • Can demyelination plaques be seen on CT?
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      • The diagnosis of MS is based on the [...] criteria, which states that typical lesions should be disseminated in time and space.
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      • Life expectancy of patients with MS is reduced by [...] years compared to the general population.
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      • Can demyelination plaques be seen on MRI?
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      • In MS, the median time from onset to walking with a cane is [...] years.
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      • In MS, what is the WBC profile in the CSF?
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      • What is the pathogenesis of MS?
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      • Neuritis of the anterior part of the optic nerve causes swelling of the nerve head, called [...].
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      • Is papillitis normally accompanied by visual symptoms?
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      • What is the most common pattern of disease progression in MS?
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      • In MS, CSF protein is [...].
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      • Is it common to see widespread demyelination plaques in the CNS of someone who has just been diagnosed with MS and whose symptoms are limited to one site?
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      • What is the most common cause of optic neuritis?
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      • What do demyelination plaques look like on MRI?
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      • How are acute relapses of MS treated?
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      • [...] phenomenon describes how symptoms of MS get worse in the heat.
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      • How can old MS demyelinating plaques be distinguished from new on MRI?
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      • MS affects the [...] nervous system.
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      • To which 2 groups of MS patients can IFN-beta1a/1b and glatiramer acetate be given?
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      • The [...] pattern of disease progression in MS occurs when the disability worsens gradually from its onset without true relapses or remissions.
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      • Which 3 drugs are the first-line disease-modyfying treatment for MS?
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      • Oligoclonal bands are due to the presence of [...] in the CSF.
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      • Which disease is associated with delayed P100 latencies without amplitude loss in visually evoked responses?
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      • [...] is inflammation of the optic nerve (II).
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      • In papillitis, is visual acuity normal?
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      • MS is characterized by areas of demyelination in the brain and spinal cord which are called [...].
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      • [...] is a test where the eye is stimulated to order to evoke a response in the occipital cortex.
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      • The [...] pattern of disease progression in MS occurs when there are clearly defined relapses with (almost) full recovery in between.
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      • The [...] pattern of disease progression in MS occurs when the disease starts as relapsing-remitting but there is disease progression between the relapses as well.
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      • What is the most common condition that visual evoked responses are used to diagnose?
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      • Is visual loss 2° to optic neuritis typically painful?
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      • In papillitis, is the optic disc normal?
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      • What are the 3 patterns of disease progression for MS?
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      • Lhermitte's sign is a sign of damage to which part of the body?
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      • Oligoclonal bands in CSF is characteristic of [...], but can also be found in a variety of rare neurological disease.
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      • Neuritis of the posterior part of the optic nerve (II) is called [...].
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      • Does papillitis most commonly occur uni- or bilaterally?
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      • [...] sign is a brief, electric shock-like sensation down the limbs when the neck is flexed.
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Neuro mbbs3

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